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Hinduism and Buddhism - Part 2 Hinduism and Buddhism. Hinduism and Buddhism are both derivative of the Vedic sacrifice practice, yet they evolved along different paths - Hinduism and Buddhism introduction. (Religion, 2008) As the traditions came from the same source, they share many characteristics. However, there are also many differences between the tow practices. The differences outweigh the similarities in how these practices are observed, how they developed, and where and how they are practiced today. By clicking "SEND", you agree to our terms of service and privacy policy. We'll occasionally send you account related and promo emails. More Essay Examples on Religion Rubric. The Hindu faith seems to have its origins among the Aryan people of the Indus Valley. When the Aryans came to the Indus, they brought with them a religious tradition different from that of the people indigenous to the Indus Valley. (Religion, 2008) (some say by migration, others say by conquest) While the Indus valley religion was focused on the river, where adherents gathered to worship, the Aryans had gods associated with forces of nature, such as the sun, storms, and the moon. Eventually, the two faiths blended. By around 800 BCE, the Aryans began writing their religious tradition in books called the Vedas. (Religion, 2008) Around 600 BCE, a Hindu member of the Warrior Class, Siddhartha Gautama, become the center around which one of three major challenges to orthodox Comparing Indentured Servants and Slaves Essay practice at the time. A member of the elite warrior class, Siddhartha Gautama left his family at aged twenty-nine, to live a life away from material wealth. (Religion, 2008) He returned with a philosophy centered upon finding a “middle way” between dead poets society character analysis essay and materialism. Eventually, he reached the pinnacle of Buddhist philosophy and became “enlightened.” (Religion, 2008) He spent the rest of his life teaching, and Buddhism branched of into hundreds of sub sects. (Religion, 2008) As a direct offshoot of Hinduism, Buddhism shares many characteristics with its parent faith. (Hinduism, 2008) It should be noted that Siddhartha Gautama himself never claimed that he was “founding” a new religion; he remained a Hindu popular analysis essay ghostwriters service usa his life and never renounced the faith. (Hooker, 1996)In this manner, he is similar to Martin Luther, Henry VIII, and other Reformation leaders who sought to change practice more than the basic tenets of the religious thought. Thus, there are many pervasive similarities between Hinduism and Buddhism. (Hooker, 1996) Both practices approach the notion of death in similar manners. (Hinduism, 2008) Both faiths believe that life is cyclic, and consecutive sessions of life, death and rebirth are the nature of reality. Similarly, both believe in the transmigration of souls within the cycle of life, death and rebirth. (Hinduism, 2008) Each faith has the concept of multi-level “heavens” and “Hells”, as well. Both additionally acknowledge the existence of god or gods. (Hinduism, 2008) With respect to corporeal practices, both of these faiths profess non-violence and compassion with all living things. Both also profess the practice of meditation, concentration and the cultivation of certain bhavas (states on mind). (Hinduism, 2008) Both practices favor detachment and hold up the renunciation of the worldly as the way to a higher spiritual plane. (Hinduism, 2008) Both religions feel that desire is the root cause of all suffering. Buddhism and Hindu both contain version of the Tantra. (Hinduism, 2008) Despite these similarities, there are a number of characteristics that set the two faiths apart. Thus, like Luther and Henry VIII, Siddhartha Gautama became an unknowing founder of a new religion. (Hooker, 1996) One key difference is that Buddhists reject the Vedas as holy books, where as they are still a central part of the Hindu practice. (Hooker, 1996) More fundamentally, Buddhists do not believe in a god, or the existence of the soul, whereas Hindus acknowledge both Atman, the soul, and Brahman, the creator. (Hinduism, 2008) The Hindu faith accepts the Buddha as an incarnation of the Mahavishnu (the Hindu Trinity). Buddhists reject this interpretation. (Hinduism, 2008) According to Buddhism, the chief goal in ones life is attempting to eliminate sorrow. Hinduism has four goals identified: dharma, kama, artha, and moksha, (Hinduism, 2008) which mean religious duty, desires, material wealth and salvation. A final distinction is Study intracellular pH transport by using ion-selective electrodes writing essays Buddhists arrange themselves into an order, while Hindu practice is individualistic. (Hinduism, 2008) A key question regarding these two faiths is why, despite Indian origins and 1500 years of prominence in India, did Buddhism fade as the dominant religion in India, leaving Hindus as the Best homework help sites writinghelpgetessayparty majority after the 13th century. (Hooker, 1996)This question has no clear answer, but scholars have divided themselves among two general theories explaining the fading of Buddhism: sectarian or internal divisions help me do my essay history of racism in the united states Buddhism, and secular or political causes. (Lal, 2005) Buddhism may have faded in India due to multiple schisms within its own ranks. Partially caused by Buddha’s refusal to name a successor, the first schism in the Buddhist faith occurred at the council of 383 BCE where conflict between “traditional” Buddhists, and ones who practiced amore liberal version of the faith. (Lal, 2005)These “liberals” were ejected from the Buddhist faith after this council. By 250 BCE, efforts to “purify” Buddhism led to further divisions. Around 100 BCE, the Mahayana sect of Buddhism began help me do my essay history of racism in the united states emerge and this led to the near-worship of the Buddha. (Lal, 2005) Each of these division left essay examples for college entrance forms of Buddhism, many of which were simply absorbed back into the fold of Hinduism in India. (Lal, 2005) Another popular explanation for the decline in Buddhism in India lies in the numerous political upheavals and invasions endured by India. (Lal, 2005)This new form of Buddhism flourished in the 4th century CE under the reign of the Gupta Dynasty in India. In the 7th century CD, Buddhism was weakened by the White Hun invasion and the invasion of Islamic nations into India, it the recovered and continued to flourish for another 600 years(Lal, 2005). By 1153 CE, Turkish Islamic invasions took a permanent toll buy essay online cheap crt 205 final Buddhism in India. At the same time, there was a revival of the Hindu religion in India, which absorbed many of those hitherto Buddhists who sought to avoid persecution by Islamic raiders. (Lal, 2005) Given that the individual Buddhists, though persecuted, were not killed wholesale, converted or exiled, the question remains as to why so many eventually abandoned Buddhism in India and re-embraced the Hindu faith. The main cause was the neglect by the monks of this life and its values. While the Buddhist monks realized Comparing Indentured Servants and Slaves Essay everyone was not fit or could not become a monk or nun, they paid attention only to the life of a monk and not to the life of a householder. This meant that they focused on the life of a monk, which is a life of inwardness as compared to that of a householder, which is one of outwardness. (Ambedkar, 2007) Both of these aspects need examination, study, guidance and control. It is not enough to tell a householder that this existing life is only a stepping-stone to the life of a monk. Why and how is it so and what relation it bears to realities has to be explained. (Ambedkar, 2007) Instead Buddhist philosophers began to teach that this life was nothing but a vale of tears and misery. While some forms of Vedanta taught the same philosophy, the attitude of Mimamsa (philosophy of action) and the Epics saved Hinduism from the fate that overtook Buddhism in India. (Ambedkar, 2007) Many great Indians were impacted by spiritual teachings but unless there were some codes extolling the values of the world, they tended to become one-sidedly inwardly. (Ambedkar, 2007) Another reason for the decline of Buddhism in India was the admission of women into monasteries and the more or less indiscriminate conversion of men, women into monks and nuns. (Ambedkar, 2007) While true renunciation and celibacy were appreciated, people wanted to see them well practiced. (Ambedkar, 2007) When people supported these monasteries with their money, they did not want its residents to live in luxury and enjoyment. If monks and nuns had lived by the rules that they were taught, people might have supported them in spite of any hardship that they had to face. (Ambedkar, 2007) Buddhism itself became difficult to identify over time. Buddhism adopted various thoughts and beliefs between the first century BCE and the sixth century CE. (Ambedkar, 2007) Some Buddhists adopted the tantric sadhanas and distorted them for the sake of enjoyment and comfort. The highly advanced philosophy of tantric sadhana is difficult to understand without the guidance of a proper teacher. (Ambedkar, 2007) This undigested knowledge of tantra, included the help me do my essay history of racism in the united states of wine, meat, fish, gestures and physical union. Also, the distortions of Buddhism produced a variety of schools, which were not pure Buddhist schools but contained a variety of practices. (Ambedkar, 2007) For example, the syntheses between Vedanta and Buddhism was facilitated by the concept of Maya in Vedanta in borrowed from Buddhism. Sankara accepted the logical connotation of Maya just as it was given by the Buddhists. (Ambedkar, 2007) Jainism was saved by tacitly allowing its members to become part of the Hindu fold by adopting rules of conduct of the third caste, namely Vaisyas or traders. (Ambedkar, 2007) A third reason for the decline of Buddhism in India was the deterioration in the political and economic life of the country. Monasteries were supported by the people and the Kings, such as Ashoka. (Ambedkar, 2007) When a dynasty fell or a king died, the next in line might not give the same degree of support. The king’s thinkers realized that their defeat was due to the loss of their best fighters, leaders, who had become monks. This made the country an easy prey to the foreign invader. (Ambedkar, 2007) By way of example, India’s first foreign invasion by the Greeks took place in 327 B.C. a couple of centuries after Emperor Asoka’s peace movement. Buddhism existed in the monasteries and unlike the dharmaasutras (ethical codes) lacked a moral code. (Ambedkar, 2007) So when monasteries disappeared, Buddhism disappeared. The invasion of the Muslims and the ruthless destruction of Buddhist monasteries extinguished the Buddhism in North India. The wanton destruction of the great monastery of Uddandapura (Bihar) and the wholesale massacre of its monks might have been illustrative of how the monasteries of Nalanda, Vikramasila and others met with a similar end. (Ambedkar, 2007) As a matter of lifestyle, the extreme asceticism practiced and popularized by both Buddhism and Jainism disturbed the social life of India. Magadha, the seat of many imperial dynasties, became Bihar, the land of monasteries (viharas). (Ambedkar, 2007) There was nothing in these religions to emphasize the importance of life in this world and its values. These causes led to a bloodless revolt by the orthodox in the eighth century CE. The revolt was staged from two sides, the Brahmanic and the Upanisadic. Kumarila was the leader of the former and Sankara of the latter. Kumarila succeeded in reviving a strong positive attitude towards the world and its values and all that could be called activist and humane. (Ambedkar, 2007) On the Herman Gridd Illusion - Essay by ? hand, Sankara said that everything that was good in Buddhism already existed in the Upanishads. In fact, Gaudapada, the grand teacher of Sankara, unified the current spanda (vibration) doctrine of Saivism, the vijnana (mind) doctrine of the Buddhists and the Atman doctrine of the Upanishads in his Mandukyakarikas and made the way easy for Sankara to assimilate and absorb Buddhism. Thus, there remained no justification for its separate existence in India; it had no social ethics and consequently, no hold over society. (Ambedkar, 2007) It could not stand alone as a spiritual discipline as it was shown to be part of the Upanishads. The fall of Buddhism in India ultimately had many causes. Owing to universalistic ambition its spread was everywhere but it had geographical center nowhere. It discarded all national gods cheap write my essay contemporary issue on aesthetic labour in hospitality godmen & proclaimed Buddha the greatest of all gods(Ambedkar, 2007). As long as it reacted as a reformative flank in India, Buddhism gained ground but when it began to act against the Vedic religion, which was the national religion of the majority, Buddhism lost sympathy in India. (Ambedkar, 2007) The Vedic Hindus fought the Muslims bravely and did not flee to any other country. But the Buddhists when attacked, having a center nowhere, fled to different countries and even it is said acclaimed the invasion of India by non-Hindus with the ringing of bells(Ambedkar, 2007). Besides its godlessness, its over-emphasis on redemption, its sad tone, its unconcern with the world & neglect of family checked rather than fostered enterprise. (Ambedkar, 2007) Ambedkar, B.R. (2007) “Why Did Buddhism Vanish From India?” Retrieved September 20th, 2008 from India View website: “Hinduism and Buddhism Compared” (2008) Retrieved September 20th, 2008 from Global Oneness website:

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